The centerpiece of every kitchen, the kitchen faucet, is a mechanical device with a valve to control the flow of water from a reservoir such as a pipe, barrel, etc. Selecting the right kitchen faucet for your home is an important decision, as according to research an average American spends more than 5 hours in the kitchen for every hour spent in the living room. Kitchen faucets are now available in a wide variety of styles and finishes that can complement your kitchen theme and personal preference. In this era of technological advancement, kitchen faucets are now equipped with a variety of useful features that improve user’s quality of experience. From amongst the array of features available, including handles, design and sprayers, you need to select the ones that fulfill your needs, simplify everyday chores and match your taste. Moreover, kitchen faucets are of different types including single handle faucets, two handle faucets and touchless, hands free faucets, deck and wall mounted faucets. The type of faucet you prefer depends on your ease and requirements. But do not get carried away with all the glamorous designs and fancy features as it is highly important to understand your sink setup. Faucet holes and mounting are significant issues to look into when installing your kitchen faucet. Nowadays, kitchen faucets come with a range of accessories to choose from, for example the escutcheon, lotion and soap dispensers. These accessories help in achieving a complete and polished look.
In order to understand your kitchen faucet better for installation and maintenance, it is important that you know what a kitchen faucet is made up from and the function of each part. Mentioned below are the parts from which a kitchen faucet is made up from and their functions,
- Gaskets- Gaskets, also known as O-rings, are used to make sure that faucet joints are airtight. They are made up from rubber or metal. They are usually set between the faucet and the sink top.
- Escutcheons- Escutcheons, also known as flanges, are used to cover the holes for pipes or valves. They are installed behind or under the kitchen faucet to prevent water from leaking behind them.
- Aerators- Aerators, also known as adaptors, are attached to the faucet head in order to alter the flow of water. They are used to create a no splashing stream through a mixture of water and air. Not only does an aerator prevents splashing, it shapes the water stream, conserves water, reduces faucet noise and increases perceived water pressure.
- Handles, Levers and Controls- These mechanical parts are used to turn the faucet on or off.
- Faucet stems- These are the parts that are directly attached to the sink and water flows out of them. These are the best known parts of the kitchen faucet.
- Washers- Washers are used to connect the aerator to the faucet stem. They are used in compression faucets. However, ball, disc and cartridge faucets are all washer-less faucets.
Stem screws- Stem screws, also known as bibb screws, are used to connect the washers to the end of the faucet stems.